501. Limitation of Liability
(A). THE LIABILITY OF Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING RELATING TO OR ARISING OUT OF CONTRACTS SHALL BE LIMITED TO LOSSES RESULTING FROM THE NOVATION OF THE CONTRACTS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RULES. SUBJECT TO THE FOREGOING, NEITHER THE CLEARINGHOUSE, NOR ANY AFFILIATE OF THE CLEARINGHOUSE, NOR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE MANAGERS, OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES, EQUITYHOLDERS, AGENTS, CONSULTANTS OR SERVICE PROVIDERS (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY REGULATORY SERVICES PROVIDER), NOR ANY MEMBER OF ANY COMMITTEE OR OTHER GOVERNING BODY OF ANY AFFILIATE OF THE CLEARINGHOUSE (EACH OF THE FOREGOING, AS APPLICABLE, THE "DISCLAIMING PARTY" AND, COLLECTIVELY, "DISCLAIMING PARTIES") SHALL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY ACTION TAKEN, OR ANY DELAY OR FAILURE TO TAKE ANY ACTION, HEREUNDER OR OTHERWISE TO FULFILL A DISCLAIMING PARTY'S OBLIGATIONS TO CLEARING PARTICIPANTS, OTHER THAN FOR LOSSES CAUSED DIRECTLY BY A DISCLAIMING PARTY'S GROSS NEGLIGENCE OR WILLFUL MISCONDUCT AND SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY OTHER OBLIGATIONS, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO OBLIGATIONS OF A CLEARING PARTICIPANT, OBLIGATIONS OF A CLEARING PARTICIPANT TO A CUSTOMER OR OTHER NON-CLEARING PARTICIPANT OR OBLIGATIONS OF A CLEARING PARTICIPANT TO ANOTHER CLEARING PARTICIPANT THAT IS ACTING FOR IT AS BROKER; NOR SHALL A DISCLAIMING PARTY BECOME LIABLE TO MAKE DELIVERIES TO OR ACCEPT DELIVERIES FROM CLEARING PARTICIPANTS OR CUSTOMERS. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES WILL A DISCLAIMING PARTY BE LIABLE FOR (1) THE ACTS, DELAYS, OMISSIONS, BANKRUPTCY, OR INSOLVENCY, OF ANY THIRD PARTY, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY DEPOSITORY, CUSTODIAN, SUBCUSTODIAN, CLEARING OR SETTLEMENT SYSTEM UNLESS THE DISCLAIMING PARTY WAS GROSSLY NEGLIGENT OR ENGAGED IN WILLFUL MISCONDUCT OR (2) THE PERFORMANCE OR OPERATION (OR NON- PERFORMANCE OR NON-OPERATION) OF ANY DIGITAL ASSET OR RELATED DISTRIBUTED LEDGER ("ANCILLARY DL") ATTRIBUTABLE DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY TO THE DESIGN OF THE DIGITAL ASSET OR ANCILLARY DL. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES WILL A DISCLAIMING PARTY BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE OR EXEMPLARY LOSS OR DAMAGE (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF BUSINESS, LOSS OF PROFITS, TRADING LOSSES, LOSS OF OPPORTUNITY AND LOSS OF USE) HOWSOEVER SUFFERED OR INCURRED, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER THE DISCLAIMING PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES OR WHETHER SUCH DAMAGES OTHERWISE COULD HAVE BEEN FORESEEN OR PREVENTED. THE FOREGOING LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY SHALL APPLY REGARDLESS OF WHETHER A CLAIM IS BASED ON BREACH OF CONTRACT, TORT, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, NEGLIGENCE (OTHER THAN GROSS NEGLIGENCE), STRICT LIABILITY, NEGLIGENT MISREPRESENTATION, RESTITUTION, BREACH OF STATUTORY DUTY, BREACH OF WARRANTY OR OTHERWISE, AND WHETHER THE CLAIM IS BROUGHT DIRECTLY OR AS A THIRD-PARTY CLAIM.
(B). THERE ARE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS PROVIDED BY THE CLEARINGHOUSE OR ANY OTHER DISCLAIMING PARTY RELATING TO ANY SYSTEMS OR SERVICES OF THE CLEARINGHOUSE OR SERVICES, EQUIPMENT OR FACILITIES USED TO SUPPORT SUCH SYSTEMS OR SERVICES, AND THE CLEARINGHOUSE HEREBY SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS, OVERRIDES AND EXCLUDES, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, SATISFACTORY QUALITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, CONDITIONS, OTHER CONTRACTUAL TERMS, REPRESENTATIONS, INDEMNITIES AND GUARANTEES WITH RESPECT TO THE SERVICES, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, ARISING BY LAW, CUSTOM, PRIOR ORAL OR WRITTEN STATEMENTS BY THE CLEARINGHOUSE OR ANY OTHER DISCLAIMING PARTY OR OTHERWISE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, AS TO TITLE, SATISFACTORY QUALITY, ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS, UNINTERRUPTED USE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, TIMELINESS, TRUTHFULNESS, SEQUENCE AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES, CONDITIONS AND OTHER CONTRACTUAL TERMS ARISING FROM TRANSACTION USAGE, COURSE OF DEALING OR COURSE OF PERFORMANCE) RELATING TO ANY SYSTEMS OR SERVICES OF THE CLEARINGHOUSE OR SERVICES, EQUIPMENT OR FACILITIES USED TO SUPPORT SUCH SYSTEMS OR SERVICES.
(C). Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING MAY ACCEPT AND RELY UPON ANY INFORMATION OR INSTRUCTION GIVEN TO Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING BY A CLEARING PARTICIPANT OR ITS OFFICERS OR AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, WHICH REASONABLY IS UNDERSTOOD BY Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING TO HAVE BEEN DELIVERED TO Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING BY THE CLEARING PARTICIPANT AND SUCH CLEARING PARTICIPANT SHALL INDEMNIFY THE DISCLAIMING PARTIES AND CLEARING PARTICIPANTS AGAINST ANY LOSS, LIABILITY OR EXPENSE AS A RESULT OF ANY ACT DONE IN RELIANCE UPON THE AUTHENTICITY OF ANY INFORMATION OR INSTRUCTION RECEIVED BY Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING, THE INACCURACY OF THE INFORMATION CONTAINED THEREIN OR EFFECTING TRANSACTIONS IN RELIANCE UPON SUCH INFORMATION OR INSTRUCTION.
(D). A CLEARING PARTICIPANT SHALL REIMBURSE Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING FOR ALL FEES, EXPENSES, CHARGES AND COSTS ASSESSED BY A DEPOSITORY AGAINST Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING WITH RESPECT TO MARGIN MAINTAINED IN SUCH CLEARING PARTICIPANT'S ACCOUNT, AND Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING SHALL NOT HAVE ANY OBLIGATION OR RESPONSIBILITY TO PRESERVE, PROTECT, COLLECT OR REALIZE UPON, AND EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN RULE 403(D), Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR, ANY LOSS OR DIMINUTION IN VALUE OR DEPRECIATION IN MARGIN DEPOSITED BY CLEARING PARTICIPANTS. CLEARING PARTICIPANTS THAT DEPOSIT MARGIN WITH AN APPROVED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION PURSUANT TO THE RULES SHALL HOLD Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING HARMLESS FROM ALL LIABILITY, LOSSES AND DAMAGES WHICH MAY RESULT FROM OR ARISE WITH RESPECT TO THE CARE AND SALE OF SUCH MARGIN.
(E). ANY OBLIGATION OF Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING TO A CLEARING PARTICIPANT ARISING FROM A CONTRACT OR FROM ANY PROVISION OF THE RULES SHALL BE SUBJECT TO ALL THE TERMS OF THE RULES, INCLUDING THE SETOFF AND OTHER RIGHTS SET FORTH HEREIN.
(F). EXCEPT IN ANY CASE WHERE A DISCLAIMING PARTY HAS BEEN FINALLY ADJUDICATED TO HAVE ENGAGED IN FRAUD OR WILLFUL OR WANTON MISCONDUCT, IN NO EVENT SHALL THE DISCLAIMING PARTIES' TOTAL COMBINED AGGREGATE LIABILITY FOR ALL CLAIMS, OTHER THAN THOSE ARISING UNDER RULE 501(F), EXCEED $100,000 FOR ALL LOSSES SUFFERED FROM ALL CAUSES ON A SINGLE CALENDAR DAY; $200,000 FOR ALL LOSSES SUFFERED FROM ALL CAUSES IN A SINGLE CALENDAR MONTH; AND $1,000,000 FOR ALL LOSSES SUFFERED FROM ALL CAUSES IN A SINGLE CALENDAR YEAR. IF THE NUMBER OF ALLOWED CLAIMS ARISING OUT OF ANY FAILURES OR MALFUNCTIONS ON A SINGLE DAY, SINGLE MONTH OR SINGLE YEAR CANNOT BE FULLY SATISFIED BECAUSE OF THE ABOVE DOLLAR LIMITATIONS, ALL SUCH CLAIMS SHALL BE LIMITED TO A PRO RATA SHARE OF THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT FOR THE RESPECTIVE PERIOD.
(G). THE RIGHTS OF Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING SET FORTH HEREIN SHALL BE IN ADDITION TO OTHER RIGHTS THAT Commodity Stream, LLC CLEARING MAY HAVE UNDER APPLICABLE LAW AND GOVERNMENTAL REGULATIONS, OTHER PROVISIONS OF THE RULES, ADDITIONAL AGREEMENTS WITH THE CLEARING PARTICIPANT OR ANY OTHER SOURCE.
502. Clearing Participant Default
(A). If a Clearing Participant is in Default, Margin held with respect to such Clearing Participant's Member Property Accounts, and any other of such Clearing Participant's assets held by, pledged to or otherwise available to Commodity Stream, LLC, may be applied by Commodity Stream, LLC to discharge the Obligations of such Clearing Participant to Commodity Stream, LLC (including any costs and expenses associated with the liquidation, transfer or management of Contracts held in or for the Member Property Accounts of such Clearing Participant, and any fees, assessments or fines imposed by Commodity Stream, LLC on such Clearing Participant), and Commodity Stream, LLC may cause all Contracts of such Clearing Participant (whether or not carried in a Customer Account) to be closed or offset, transferred to any other Clearing Participant, or otherwise resolved as provided in these Rules.
(B). If the Margin held with respect to such Clearing Participant's Member Property Accounts, and other of such Clearing Participant's assets held by, pledged to or otherwise available to Commodity Stream, LLC, including any guarantee issued pursuant to these Rules, are insufficient to satisfy the defaulting Clearing Participant's Obligations to Commodity Stream, LLC after giving effect to the application of such amounts pursuant to paragraph (a), such defaulting Clearing Participant shall continue to be liable therefor.
(C). In closing, offsetting, transferring or otherwise resolving the Contracts of a Clearing Participant as provided herein and in Rule 601, Commodity Stream, LLC shall have the right:
(i) With respect to Contracts in a Customer Account of such Commodity Stream, LLC Clearing Participant, to set off [x] any proceeds received by Commodity Stream, LLC from the disposition of such Contracts and any property or proceeds thereof deposited with or held by Commodity Stream, LLC as Margin for such account against [y] any amounts paid by Commodity Stream, LLC in the disposition of such Contracts, including any commissions or other losses or expenses incurred in connection therewith or in connection with the liquidation of Margin deposits in such Customer Account and any other amounts owed to Commodity Stream, LLC as a result of transactions in the Customer Account or otherwise lawfully chargeable against such Customer Account; (ii) With respect to the Contracts in any Member Property Accounts of such Clearing Participant, to set off (x) any proceeds received by Commodity Stream, LLC from the disposition of such Contracts, any property or proceeds thereof deposited with or held by Commodity Stream, LLC as Margin for such Member Property Accounts and any other property of the Clearing Participant within the possession or control of Commodity Stream, LLC other than property that has been identified by such Clearing Participant as required to be segregated pursuant to the CEA and CFTC Regulations, against (y) any amounts paid by Commodity Stream, LLC in the disposition of such Contracts, including any commissions or other losses or expenses incurred in connection therewith or in connection with the liquidation of Margin deposits in such Member Property Accounts, and any other Obligations of the Clearing Participant to Commodity Stream, LLC, including Obligations of the Clearing Participant to Commodity Stream, LLC remaining after the setoffs referred to in paragraph (i) above, and any Obligations arising from any other Member Property Accounts maintained by the Clearing Participant with Commodity Stream, LLC; and (iii) To defer closing or otherwise settling such trades and Contracts if, in its discretion, it determines that the closing out of some or all of the suspended Clearing Participant's trades or Contracts would not be in the best interests of Commodity Stream, LLC or other Clearing Participants, taking into account the size and nature of the positions in question, market conditions prevailing at the time, the potential market effects of such liquidating transactions as might be directed by Commodity Stream, LLC, and such other circumstances as it deems relevant; (iv) Or take any action the Clearinghouse deems proper or in the best interest of the Clearinghouse or its Clearing Participants.
(D). For purposes of this Rule, each Default by a Network and/or Clearing Participant will be considered a separate Default.
(E). A Network and/or Clearing Participant shall take no action, including but not limited to attempting to obtain a court order, that would interfere with the ability of Commodity Stream, LLC to exercise its rights under the Rules and its agreements with such Network or Clearing Participant.
503. Investment of Customer Funds
Funds and assets belonging to Customers that are invested by Commodity Stream, LLC Clearing shall be held in instruments that comply with CFTC Regulations 1.25 and 39.15(e). Non-Customer funds and assets belonging to Clearing Participants that are invested by Commodity Stream, LLC shall be held in instruments that comply with CFTC Regulation 39.15(e).